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I'm currently working on a project which uses two extruders. One for making an impression in a powder and other one to dispose a liquid in to the impression made by the first extruder.

I'm currently manually writing gcode for the purpose, and have some doubts about gcodes and setting up a second extruder. I've once configured a dual extruder system, but it uses old marlin and current one has a variety of dual extruder system, so confused about which one to choose.

Firmware : Marlin 1.1.6 Machine : custom made Board : Ramps 1.4 

configuration file : Configuarion

Dual extruder setup: two nozzles with separate stepper motor for each nozzle. For the sake of simplicity let's say something like this

Which category does this one go?? By reading marlin documentation it doesn't belong to any special category (???)

I only changed following in FW,

#define EXTRUDERS 2 #define TEMP_SENSOR_0 5 #define TEMP_SENSOR_1 5 

I tested by sending T0 and T1 to select extruders and extruding them

Do I have to change anything else??

This is the test gcode:

G28 ;home T0 ;select extruder 1 G0 X20 ;move to X 20 G92 E0 ;set current position of extruder as 0 G1 E10 ;extrude 10 mm G92 E0 ;set current position of extruder as 0 G1 E-10 ;retract 10 mm T1 ;select extruder 2 G92 E0 ;set current position of extruder as 0 G1 E5 ;extrude 5 mm G4 P500 ;give a delay of 500 ms before next move T0 G0 X 30 G92 E0 G1 E10 G92 E0 G1 E-10 T1 G92 E0 G1 E5 G4 P500 T0 G0 X 40 G92 E0 G1 E10 G92 E0 G1 E-10 T1 G92 E0 G1 E5 G4 P500 T0 G0 X 50 G92 E0 G1 E10 G92 E0 G1 E-10 T1 G92 E0 G1 E5 G4 P500 T0 G0 X 60 G92 E0 G1 E10 G92 E0 G1 E-10 T1 G92 E0 G1 E5 G4 P500 T0 G0 X70 G92 E0 G1 E10 G92 E0 G1 E-10 T1 G92 E0 G1 E5 G4 P500 T0 G0 X70 G92 E0 G1 E10 G92 E0 G1 E-10 T1 G92 E0 G1 E5 G4 P500 T0 G0 X80 G92 E0 G1 E10 G92 E0 G1 E-10 T1 G92 E0 G1 E5 G4 P500 

What it does is:

  1. After homing, move to given position
  2. Activate extruder 1 and extrude some(make impression)
  3. then activating extruder 2 and extrude
  4. move to next position and repeate

What I actually want is:

  1. After homing, move to given position
  2. Activate extruder 1 and extrude some (make impression)
  3. then activating extruder 2
  4. move extruder 2 to the position where extruder 1 extruded material
  5. Extrude material (by extruder 2)
  6. Move to next position and repeat

one way to achieve this is add an additional code after enabling extruder 2

eg:

T0 G0 X 20 G92 E0 G1 E10 G92 E0 G1 E-10 T1 G0 X15 ; if X offset of E2 from E1 is 5mm, assuming no Y offset G92 E0 G1 E5 G4 P500 T0 G0 X 30 G92 E0 G1 E10 G92 E0 G1 E-10 T1 G0 X25 G92 E0 G1 E5 G4 P500 

In plastic extrusion this is normally done by setting offset in Slic3r.

Is there any other way to do this, position E22 to the position of E1. Is there any specific G/Mcode for it?? There's a provision to set offset in Marlin. But this is what it says in marlin documentation

"Z hotend offset only available with DUAL_X_CARRIAGE or SWITCHING_NOZZLE."

Does it work with normal dual extruders.?(Does mine come under any two system mentioned above?)

1 Answer 1

Interesting project your are working on.

Does it work with normal dual extruders.?(Does mine come under any two system mentioned above?)

The hotend/extruder you mentioned above is a E3D Chimera like system. And it is not suited for your application because you cannot lower/lift the hotends independently from each other.

examples of these configurations

  • DUAL_X_CARRIAGE:
    • look at BCN3D sigmax dual extruder
  • SWITCHING_NOZZLE:
    • look at ultimaker 3 mechanism for lowering/switching the active hotend.

The above systems aren't well documentend and will be hard to make. I advice you to look into an interesting blog post from E3D about a tool changer. It is opensource, well documented so you're be able to create one yourself with tool heads for your application. A spade to create patterns in the powder. And a liquid tool to fill the patterns.


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