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I'm undergraduate student in Physics, I wonder what is the point in publishing a paper in a journal rather than arXiv ?

As far as I know, there is a fee which must be paid for publishing in a journal (It may not be valid for all journal or fields, I guess).I'm asking because If I do some publishable work on my undergrad research, what option would be more logical and advantageous ? How would they affect my future Phd admissions ?

Or if I ask my second question more generally, How would these options affect one's carrier in academia ?

1 Answer 1

I have made a similar question (Why publish in a journal instead arxiv or in my blog?) but questioning also motivation of publishing in journals and patent implications.

And the answers leads to that conclusions:

Publishing on a journal :

  1. no earnings for me (they do)
  2. no protection (industry can use my methods and may be with unethical purposes)
  3. not accesible (a very wide number of people can´t pay for knowledge)
  4. loss on copyrights (the knowledge can be limited for the elite)

  5. I gain reputation (I´m not sure if I want that at this price)

  6. Scientist get it fast and take it seriously

  7. Free peer reviewed

Publishing on arxiv :

  1. no earnings for me (they do)
  2. no protection (industry can use my methods and may be with unethical purposes)
  3. accesible for all people that have access to internet
  4. I preserve my copyright, I can do what I want with them
  5. I gain reputation (but bad reputation too).
  6. Scientist get it fast and take it seriously (but need good endosers)
  7. Free peer-reviewed (arxiv is open peer-reviewed but it can be lost in the sea)

So publishing on a journal is very similar to arxiv, but giving away rights in exchange for peer-reviews and notoriety.